阅读:4324回复:5

[语言交流]低地苏格兰语

楼主#
更多 发布于:2009-09-16 15:45
低地苏格兰语★(Scots language)是低地苏格兰人所使用的语言,属于一种日耳曼语族的语言。低地苏格兰语约略自12世纪开始发展,自16世纪初定型命名称呼至今。该语言语法等用法与英语十分相似,因此有时候亦被称为英语的方言之一,事实上,很多人认为低地苏格兰语也是直接由英语衍化而成。 低地苏格兰语为五百万人口的苏格兰地区所常用语言之一,在该地亦是英语和盖尔语之外的官方语言之一。
  低地苏格兰语方言:
  ①北方苏格兰语(Doric dialect):
  词汇以及词组举例:
  "Causey Mounth" – the road over the "Mounth" or Grampians
  "Claik" – the Doric dialect of Buchan fishing villages
  "Foggy bummer" – Bumblebee
  "Fa? (wha?) Fit? (whit?) Fit wey? (whit wey?) Faur? (whaur) Fan?" (whan) - "Who? What? What way? Why? Where? When?"
  "Far aboots?" (Whaur aboots?) – Whereabouts? (Aberdeen is nicknamed "Furry Boots City" from a humorous spelling of far aboots – furry boots.)
  "Futret" (Whitrat) – Weasel or other Mustelid, but commonly used for ferret now
  "Louns an quines" (louns an queans) – Lads and lassies, boys and girls. (NB "loun" or "loon" has no derogatory connotation in Doric)
  "Min" – Man, as in "Ay ay, min".
  "fou lang" (hou lang) - how long
  "for a filie" (for a whilie) - for a long time
  "gealt" - cold
  "Fit like?" (Whit like): A greeting, essentially, "How are you doing?", to which the response is "Aye... tyauvin on." (Aye tawin on) "Fine, thanks"
  "Fit?" (Whit): "What?"
  "Fit ye deein?" (Whit ye daein?): "What are you doing?"
  "Far div ye bide?" (Whaur div ye bide?): "Where do you live?"
  "Foo's yer doos?" (Hou's yer dous?): Literally "How are your pigeons?", now used as "How are you?" A stock phrase, not so often used in speech as to send up Doric.
  "Aye peckin": Literally "Always pecking." This is the reply to "Fou's yer doos?"
  "Fit's adee?" (Whit's adae?): "What's wrong?"
  "Gie's a bosie!": "Give me a hug!"
  "A'm fair forfochten": "I am very tired."
  The Broch - Fraserburgh also Burghead near Elgin.
  ②中部苏格兰语
  ③南部苏格兰语
  ④海岛苏格兰语:一般的又细分为,Shetlandic和Orcadian
  (1)Shetlandic:
  [1]代词:du=you dine, dines=yours dee=you
  [2]词汇举例:
  flan=gust of wind
  claag=cackle
  waar=seaweed
  hent=gather
  faird=afraid
  creepie=stool
  wilt=lost
  mott=mote
  coarn=small quantity
  cloot=rag
  stoor=dust
  bod=booth [注:在bod一词中,字母o上有两点]
  brol=bellow [注:在brol一词中,字母o上有两点]
  kye=cows
  lowe=flame
  gloy=straw
  (2)Orcadian
  ⑤阿尔斯特苏格兰语

最新喜欢:

trieukytrieuk...
沙发#
发布于:2011-07-01 12:03
不错,楼主懂的真多啊,\(^o^)/~
奋斗!奋斗!奋斗!
板凳#
发布于:2011-07-01 12:03
奋斗!奋斗!奋斗!
地板#
发布于:2011-07-01 12:03
顶一下,楼主加油!!!!!!!!!
奋斗!奋斗!奋斗!
4#
发布于:2013-09-10 08:32
楼主知道高低苏格兰语么?
我蛮想掌握苏格兰盖尔语的,不知道楼主有没有什么建议~
sharrum
青铜十字骑士
青铜十字骑士
  • 社区居民
  • 忠实会员
  • 最爱沙发
  • 铁杆粉丝
5#
发布于:2013-09-11 06:35
trieuky:我蛮想掌握苏格兰盖尔语的,不知道楼主有没有什么建议~回到原帖
可以试试Teach Yourself Gaelic, 不过这本书语法讲得不系统。Scottish Gaelic In Three Months这本书语法讲的比较好。
游客

返回顶部