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[语言交流]意大利语的方言总括

楼主#
更多 发布于:2011-07-15 17:16
意大利语方言如下所示:
  (1)主要方言:
  ★西西里岛方言(本语言是现代意大利语的最初的原始形式,它对现代意大利语的发展起到了关键的、不可替代的作用)
  西西里岛方言又被细分为以下方言:
  Western Sicilian (in Palermo, Trapani, Central-Western Agrigentino)
  Central Metafonetica (in the central part of Sicily that includes some areas of the Provinces of Caltanissetta, Messina, Enna, Palermo and Agrigento)
  Southeast Metafonetica (in the Province of Ragusa and the adjoining area within the Province of Syracuse)
  Ennese (in the province of Enna)
  Eastern Nonmetafonetica (in the area including the province of Catania, the second largest city in Sicily, and the adjoining area within the Province of Syracuse)
  Messinese (in the province of Messina)
  Isole Eolie (in the Aeolian Islands)
  Pantesco (on the island of Pantelleria)
  Southern Calabro (in southern and central sections of Calabria)
  Southern Pugliese (also called Salentino, and reportedly a dialect of Sicilian on the peninsular section of Apulia)
  ★托斯卡纳方言(Tuscia dialect ,本语言是最接近标准意大利语的语言之一,但是本语言仍然和标准意大利语有差别)
  托斯卡纳方言又被细分为以下方言:
  ☆翁布里亚方言(Umbrian dialects)
  ☆马奇方言(Marchigiano)
  ☆罗马方言(Romanesco)
  ☆Laziale
  ★佛罗伦萨方言(本语言是最接近标准意大利语的语言之一,但是本语言仍然和标准意大利语有差别)
  ★罗马方言(Romanesco,本语言是最接近标准意大利语的语言之一,但是本语言仍然和标准意大利语有差别)
  ★翁布里亚方言(Umbrian dialects)
  ★马奇方言(Marchigiano)
  ★Cicolano-Reatino-Aquilano
  ★Giudeo-Romanesco
  ★Castelli Romani dialect
  ★Ciociaro
  ★科西嘉方言(Corsican,本语言是一种法语方言)
  (2)其他方言:
  米兰方言
  萨丁尼亚岛方言
  波伦亚方言(Bolognese)
  卡拉布里亚方言(Calabrian)
  维尼提亚语(Venetic,一种古意大利语言, 现已灭绝)
  都灵方言(Turin)
  Griko language
  Franco-Provencal language
  Parmigiano dialect
  Piacentino dialect
  Ferrarese dialect
  Romagnolo dialect
  意大利语方言按照语组分类,有两种不同的分类方法:
  第一种分类方法如下所示:
  高卢-意大利语组(Gallo-Italic group ):
  皮埃蒙特方言(Piedmontese)
  利古里亚方言(Ligurian,本语言是一种意大利土语)
  伦巴第方言(Lombard):
  西部伦巴第方言(Western Lombard)
  西部伦巴第方言,又被细分为以下方言:
  Milanese or Meneghin (macromilanese)
  Bustocco and Legnanese
  Brianzöö (lombardo-prealpino occidentale - macromilanese)
  Canzés
  Canturino
  Monzese
  Comasco-Lecchese (lombardo-prealpino occidentale)
  Comasco
  Laghée
  Intelvese
  Vallassinese
  Lecchese
  Valsassinese
  Ticinese (lombardo alpino)
  Ossolano
  Varesino or Bosin (lombardo-prealpino occidentale)
  Alpine Lombard (lombardo alpino, strong influence from Eastern Lombard language)
  Valtellinese
  Chiavennasco
  Southwestern Lombard (basso-lombardo occidentale)
  Pavese
  Lodigiano (strong influence from Emiliano-Romagnolo language)
  Nuaresat (lombardo-prealpino occidentale - macromilanese)
  Cremunéez (strong influence from Emiliano-Romagnolo language)
  Slangs
  Spasell
  在语言分类中,西部伦巴第方言可以被细分为以下方言组:
  Italo-Western group (Hispania-Gallia-Italia; including nearly all Romance languages).
  Gallo-Iberian group (Hispania-Gallia).
  Gallo-Romance group (Gallia; the eastern section of the Gallo-Iberian group).
  Gallo-Italic group (Gallia Cisalpina; Italy's part of the Gallo-Romance group).
  Lombard group (part of Langobardia).
  东部伦巴第方言(Eastern Lombard)
  Emiliano-Romagnolo :
  Emilian dialect ,又被细分为以下方言:
  Western Emiliano (Piacentino)
  Carrarese
  Lunigiano
  Massese (mixed with some Tuscanian features)
  Central Emiliano (Reggiano and Modenese)
  Center-Western Emiliano (Parmigiano)
  Southern Emiliano (Bolognese)
  North-Eastern Emiliano (Ferrarese)
  Romagnolo dialect
  Northern Romagnolo
  Southern Romagnolo
  Romagnolo dialect
  威尼斯方言组(Venetian group):
  威尼斯方言(Venetian)
  Istriot
  第二种分类方法如下所示:
  高地方言组(Highland group):
  弗留利方言(Friulan)
  拉汀方言(Ladin,本语言是一种德语方言
  罗曼什方言(Romansh,本语言是一种德语方言)
  低地方言组(Lowland group ):
  Emiliano-Romagnolo:
  利古里亚方言(Ligurian,本语言是一种意大利土语)
  伦巴第方言(Lombard)
  皮埃蒙特方言(Piedmontese)
  威尼斯方言(Venetian)
奋斗!奋斗!奋斗!
沙发#
发布于:2011-07-15 17:17
自己支持下,第一次发帖
奋斗!奋斗!奋斗!
板凳#
发布于:2011-12-17 20:51
    我也来支持下哈
地板#
发布于:2012-06-21 17:07
支持支持,还想知道区别呢
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